Electrochemical Metal Nanowire Growth From Solution
PhD thesis (Dissertation), TU Dresden, May 2013
The aim of this work is to make electrochemical metal nanowire growth a competitive method, being up to par with more standardized procedures, like e.g. lithography. This includes on the one hand the production of nanowires as reliable and reproducible parts, potentially suited for nanoelectronic circuit design. Therefore, this work presents a systematic investigation of the causes of nanowire branching, the necessary conditions to achieve straight growth and the parameters affecting the diameter of the wires. The growth of ultrathin (down to 15 nm), straight and unbranched platinum nanowires assembly is demonstrated.On the other hand, it is the objective to go beyond purely electronic applications. An examination of the crystallography of the wires reveals nanoclusters inside the wire with a common crystallographic orientation. The versatility of the wires is illustrated by implementing them into an impedimetric sensor capable of the detection of single nanoscaled objects, such as bacteria.