Optoelectronic Switching of Nanowire-based Hybrid Organic/Oxide/Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors
E. Baek, S. Pregl, M. Shaygan, L. Römhildt, W. M. Weber, T. Mikolajick, D. A. Ryndyk, L. Baraban, and G. Cuniberti
Nano Research 8, 1229 (2014)
A novel photosensitive hybrid field-effect transistor (FET) which consists of the a multiple-shell of organic porphyrin film/oxide/silicon nanowires is presented. Due to the oxide shell around the nanowires, photo-switching of the current in the hybrid nano-nanodevices is guided by the electric field effect, induced by charge redistribution within the organic film. This principle is an alternative to a photo-indphotoinduced electron injection, valid for devices relying on direct junctions between organic molecules and metals or semiconductors. The switching dynamics of the hybrid nano-nanodevices upon violet light illumination is investigated and a strong dependence on the thickness of the porphyrin film wrapping the nanowires is found. Furthermore, the thickness of the organic films is found to be a crucial parameter also for the switching efficiency of the nanowire FET, represented as by the ratio of currents under light illumination (ON) and in dark conditions (OFF). We suggest a simple model of porphyrin film charging to explain the optoelectronic behavior of nanowire FETs mediated by organic film/oxide/semiconductor junctions.