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333. 


Enhanced thermoelectric figure of merit in polycrystalline carbon nanostructures



Thomas Lehmann, Dmitry A. Ryndyk, and G. Cuniberti

Phys. Rev. B 92, 035418 (2015)

Grain boundaries are commonly observed in carbon nanostructures, but their influence on thermal and electric properties is still not completely understood. Using a combined approach of density functional tight-binding theory and nonequilibrium Green functions we investigate electron and phonon transport in carbon-based systems. In this work, quantum transport and thermoelectric properties are summarized for graphene sheets, graphene nanoribbons, and carbon nanotubes with a variety of grain boundary types in a wide temperature range. Motivated by previous findings that disorder scatters phonons more effectively than electrons, a significant improvement in the thermoelectric performance for polycrystalline systems is expected. As the effect is marginally sensitive to the grain boundary type, we demonstrate that grain boundaries are a viable tool to greatly enhance the figure of merit, paving the way for the design of new thermoelectric materials.



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doi absolute link10.1103/PhysRevB.92.035418
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