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Electronic Properties of Organic Nanomaterials Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Spectroscopy

Jörg Meyer

PhD thesis (Dissertation), TU Dresden, September 2015

In this work organic molecules, namely derivatives of BODIPY and poly-para-phenyls are investigated on different metal surfaces by means of LT-STM. These molecule are important for the development of molecular electronics and spintronics. I show that aza-BODIPY molecules form a weak chemical bond with the Au(111) substrate and the molecular structure significantly changes upon adsorption. Due to the low corrugation of the Au(111) surface, diffusion of the molecule is observed for applied bias in excess of ±1 V.

The temperature dependent formation of different molecular nanostructures formed by polyparaphenyls and Au adatoms is discussed. The diffusing Au adatoms act as coordination centers for the cyano groups present on one end of the molecules. The structure of the super molecular assemblies completely changes in a temperature range of only 60 K.

Furthermore, I investigate in this work the hybridization of atomic orbitals within the molecular ligand. The Kondo resonance of a Co atom incorporated into an other aza-BODIPY derivative is investigated in detail on Ag(100). The hybridization of the atomic Co orbital with the organic ligands molecular orbitals is shown by spectroscopy measurements with submolecular resolution. The changing line shape of the Kondo resonance for the molecule-substrate system is discussed.

This data is compared to measurements of Co incorporated in another molecular binding motive and on different metal samples to show the importance of the local environment for molecular materials.

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