Novel textile scaffolds for tissue engineering
B. Mrozik, G. Hoffmann, Ch. Cherif, A. Walther, M. Gelinsky, W. Pompe, H. Brünig
Technische Textilien 49, 198 & E150 (2006)
A highly porous textile scaffold, structured using flocking technology, has been developed for the cultivation of various cell types in the tissue engineering. The textile technologies, used for the development of such scaffolds, take advantage of the fiber orientation for the construction of mechanically strong and stable scaffolds. The use of flock fibers in the preparation of textile scaffolds provides advantages including the increased cell absorption capacity as compared to conventional scaffolds. A pore space, formed between the cells and environment, provides optimum conditions for cell growth on the scaffold and electrostatic flocking technologies. The special electrical material resistance, the biological compatibility, and the dimensional stability of the substrate influence the final quality of the flocking process. The experiments carried out to study whether the new scaffolds are evenly seeded with cells showed that flocking technique is principally suitable for the culturing of cells.