In vitro ossification and remodeling of mineralized collagen I scaffolds
H. Domaschke, M. Gelinsky, B. Burmeister, R. Fleig, T. Hanke, A. Reinstorf, W. Pompe, A. Rösen-Wolff
Tissue Engineering 12, 949 (2006)
A promising strategy of bone tissue engineering is to repair bone defects by implanting biodegradable scaffolds that can undergo remodeling and be replaced completely by autologous bone tissue. For this purpose, it is necessary to create scaffolds that can be degraded by osteoclasts and enable osteoblasts to build new mineralized bone matrix. In order to achieve this goal a new porous material has been developed using biomimetically mineralized collagen I. These scaffolds were co-cultured with osteoclast-like cells and osteoblasts in order to characterize the capacity of these cells to remodel the material in vitro. It was possible to show the development of biologically active osteoclast- like cells that were able to invade and degrade the scaffold. They degraded the scaffold by internalizing it as intracellular vesicles, thereby making room for osteoblasts to invade and build new bone matrix. In addition, it could be shown that osteoblasts proliferated, differentiated, and produced new mineralized extracellular matrix. Hence, it could be shown that co-culture of osteoclastlike cells and osteoblasts on biomimetically mineralized collagen I is a promising approach for bone tissue engineering. In addition, it can be applied to study the process of bone remodeling in vitro.