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TU Dresden » Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering » Institute for Materials Science » Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology

Wednesday, 20 December 2006
(at 12:30 in room Phy 8.1.09)
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Electric field control of spin transport

Silvia Schmidtbauer

Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik
Universität Regensburg

(From doi: 10.1038/nphys149): Spintronics aims to develop electronic devices whose resistance is controlled by the spin of the charge carriers that flow through them. This approach is illustrated by the operation of the most basic spintronic device, the spin valve, which can be formed if two ferromagnetic electrodes are separated by a thin tunnelling barrier. In most cases, its resistance is greater when the two electrodes are magnetized in opposite directions than when they are magnetized in the same direction. The relative difference in resistance, the so-called magnetoresistance, is then positive. However, if the transport of carriers inside the device is spin- or energy-dependent, the opposite can occur and the magnetoresistance is negative. The next step is to construct an analogous device to a field-effect transistor by using this effect to control spin transport and magnetoresistance with a voltage applied to a gate. In practice though, implementing such a device has proved difficult. Here, we report on a pronounced gate-field-controlled magnetoresistance response in carbon nanotubes connected by ferromagnetic leads. Both the magnitude and the sign of the magnetoresistance in the resulting devices can be tuned in a predictable manner. This opens an important route to the realization of multifunctional spintronic devices.

related paper (html)

Invited by G. Cuniberti, M. Grifoni, D. Tomanek, C. Strunk (CNT seminar)

Within the CNT seminar 52 336

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