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TU Dresden » Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering » Institute for Materials Science » Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology

Thursday, 14 July 2016
(at 13:00 in room 115, Hallwachsstr. 3)
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Beyond graphene: synthetic pathways to 2D forms of elements

Wladimir Thiessen

Institut für Angewandte Photophysik (IAPP), TU Dresden

The success of graphene has not only shown that it is possible to create stable, single atom thick sheets from a layered crystalline solid, but also that these materials have fundamentally different properties than their bulk counterparts. Much theoretical work on the matter of 2D elements different from carbon was performed in recent years. The most probable candidates are the heavy elements of the 4. main group – Si, Ge and Sn, the heavy elements of the 5. main group – P, As and Sb, and boron, as the only element of the of the 3. main group, that may be stable in the ultra-thin form. The experimental work has focused on the epitactically grown sheets on catalytically active metal surfaces. The synthesis of free-standing sheets, on the other hand, is highly desirable, but not an easy goal to achieve. Consider, for example, the 2D form of silicon – the silicene. The mechanical methods, like the scotch-tape method, will not work with bulk silicon due to its purely sp3 bonding nature. The bonding between planes therein is rather strong, as compared to graphite and other van der Waals layered solids. Furthermore, a problem for all surface-rich materials is their instability, because the surface atoms are considerably more reactive than those in the bulk material. This holds especially true for rather electropositive elements, like silicon, so it is reasonable that the oxidation of silicene in air must be addressed to realize the full potential of silicene in technological applications. Experiments with silicene grown on surfaces revealed its fast oxidation after contact with air. Oxidation of the Si stripes starts at their extremities – the edge atoms and porous in-plane defects, where the Si atoms with dangling bonds are present. This was called the “burning-match process” by G. LeLay and B. Aufray, who have pioneered the epitactical growth of silicene on metallic surfaces. So if one wants to create processable free-standing silicene, those moieties must be chemically protected. In the present talk, I would like to introduce my own experimental work in the field of the chemical preparation of the free-standing sheets of the elements B, Si, Ge, Sn and P.

Announcement (pdf)

Brief Bio:

Dr. Wladimir Thiessen has studied chemistry in Regensburg, Dresden and Dublin City University. After the graduation, he has worked as researcher in the group of Prof. T. Wolff at TU Dresden, and got his PhD there in 2012. After that, he worked in the industry in the field of polymer-based nanocomposites. 2014- 2015 he was a post-doctoral researcher at the IAPP in Dresden in the group of Prof. L. Eng. His research at IAPP was focused on the development of new synthetic methods for 2D and 1D materials.

Invited by G. Cuniberti

Within the nanoSeminar

last modified: 2021.10.21 Thu
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