ResearchGateTunable Photodetectors via in Situ Thermal Conversion of TiS3 to TiO2
Nanomaterials 10 (4), 711 (2020).
F. Ghasemi, R. Frinsenda, E. Flores, N. Papadopoulos, R. Biele, D. P. d. Lara, H. S. v. d. Zant, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, R. D’Agosta, J. R. Ares, C. Sanchez, I. J. Ferrer, and A. Castellanos-Gomez.
https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10040711

In two-dimensional materials research, oxidation is usually considered as a common source for the degradation of electronic and optoelectronic devices or even device failure. However, in some cases a controlled oxidation can open the possibility to widely tune the band structure of 2D materials. In particular, we demonstrate the controlled oxidation of titanium trisulfide (TiS3), a layered semiconductor that has attracted much attention recently thanks to its quasi-1D electronic and optoelectronic properties and its direct bandgap of 1.1 eV. Heating TiS3 in air above 300 C gradually converts it into TiO2, a semiconductor with a wide bandgap of 3.2 eV with applications in photo-electrochemistry and catalysis. In this work, we investigate the controlled thermal oxidation of individual TiS3 nanoribbons and its influence on the optoelectronic properties of TiS3-based photodetectors. We observe a step-wise change in the cut-off wavelength from its pristine value~ 1000 nm to 450 nm after subjecting the TiS3 devices to subsequent thermal treatment cycles. Ab-initio and many-body calculations confirm an increase in the bandgap of titanium oxysulfide (TiO 2-x S x) when increasing the amount of oxygen and reducing the amount of sulfur.

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ResearchGateTunable Photodetectors via in Situ Thermal Conversion of TiS3 to TiO2
Nanomaterials 10 (4), 711 (2020).
F. Ghasemi, R. Frinsenda, E. Flores, N. Papadopoulos, R. Biele, D. P. d. Lara, H. S. v. d. Zant, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, R. D’Agosta, J. R. Ares, C. Sanchez, I. J. Ferrer, and A. Castellanos-Gomez.
https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10040711

In two-dimensional materials research, oxidation is usually considered as a common source for the degradation of electronic and optoelectronic devices or even device failure. However, in some cases a controlled oxidation can open the possibility to widely tune the band structure of 2D materials. In particular, we demonstrate the controlled oxidation of titanium trisulfide (TiS3), a layered semiconductor that has attracted much attention recently thanks to its quasi-1D electronic and optoelectronic properties and its direct bandgap of 1.1 eV. Heating TiS3 in air above 300 C gradually converts it into TiO2, a semiconductor with a wide bandgap of 3.2 eV with applications in photo-electrochemistry and catalysis. In this work, we investigate the controlled thermal oxidation of individual TiS3 nanoribbons and its influence on the optoelectronic properties of TiS3-based photodetectors. We observe a step-wise change in the cut-off wavelength from its pristine value~ 1000 nm to 450 nm after subjecting the TiS3 devices to subsequent thermal treatment cycles. Ab-initio and many-body calculations confirm an increase in the bandgap of titanium oxysulfide (TiO 2-x S x) when increasing the amount of oxygen and reducing the amount of sulfur.

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